The Neanderthals, or Thals for short, are another species of Human (although some suggest they are a subspecies of Homo sapiens) that is much older than sapiens. They flourished twice, once up until 28,000 years ago in Ice Age Europe, Earth, and again, on another world, transplanted by an interveining alien observer, possibly one of the the Milky Way's several First Ones.
The first Neanderthals are thought to have been evolving between 600,000 and of other animals during the climatic shifts of the Ice Age, for millenia. Until another species of Human appeared on the scene, coming up Africa. This species was more adaptable, more invasive, and more imaginative, although, perhaps not as smart in other ways. They were strange, carrying intruments without it seemed to the Neanderthals, any purpose. For much of the time, the two ignored each other, but the neverending stream of these new people meant that the Neanderthals were in trouble. The last Neanderthals died by the hostile coasts of Europe, pushed out by perhaps a joint-force of Homo sapiens, as conflict began to take place over competition of land and game, though there were also more peaceful interactions.
Roughly 28,000 years later, a Human chanced upon skulls in Engis (Belgium). But this was not of neanderthalensis kind, he was by the name of Philippe-Charles Schmerling which could only be sapiens. This species of Humanity had dominated all others long by then (with the exception of cryptozoological Apemen), and for centuries to come believed they were the only soul, living example of Hominids. But as they advanced into the stars, they found other Humans, some had naturally evolved into subspecies and others genetically modified. These were races of Homo sapiens transplanted from Earth, and some even coming from previous, unknown civilisations.
This was a similar case for the Neanderthals. Something observed their plight, and either through pitty or alien reason, took the last survivors to another world in the Milky Way, and terraformed it into a stable Ice-Age environment. The Neanderthals were taught to be more tolerant of each other, to build society, but being much slower to change than Homo sapiens, the memory of Earth, and an invasive force continued in racial memory, with a racial goal to one day retake their blessed home.
Neanderthals did not have to look long and hard to find Earth and Humanity. Between the 22nd and 26th century Humanity were a major political power in the Milky Way. Any species with similarities similar to characteristics of the Neanderthals were extensively studied for similar DNA sequences. But to their dismay, Homo sapiens and their allies became a strong force, perhaps too strong to conquer as they had hoped. So the Neanderthals waited. Eventually Humans left Earth almost entirely, then it was colonised by the Jovar and SSA for a short period before being abandond again. Now, in the 28th century left unclaimed, except for a few caretakers, Earth was ripe for taking...
The Neanderthals were as Human as Homo sapiens.
Physiology and anatomy Edit
Standing typically just shorter than Homo sapiens, Neanderthals had a much stockier build, possibly more or less due to their environmental conditions and lifestyles. Neanderthals, both in prehistoric times and in the 28th century are much stronger than even fit Homo sapiens (if a Neanderthal woman could work out in the gym, she would have 90% more muscle mass than Arnold Swarchenegger), and with shorter arms could be capable of much greater feats of strength. Used to hunting animals up close, injury was common and so the bones were thicker (like the cranium), and on average, Neanderthals were more tolerant to pain. This remained into the 28th century, as Neanderthals still lived hard lifestyles, such as heavy industrial work.
Not only being physically stronger and heavier, Neanderthals were far more adapted to the cold in either eras of their history, with bigger noses, although some traits were also adapted to warmer climates. Their diet consisted of more meat than what is considered healthy for Homo sapiens, although they also eat plant matter. Neanderthals grew up more quickly than Homo sapiens.
The Neanderthals had better vision in darkness than Homo sapiens, adapting to the dark Taiga forests. However, Homo sapiens may have better pattern recorgnition, evolving to track and hunt from distance. Homo sapiens may have been faster, have had more stanima and the ability to track signs and to shape the world around them more.
Neanderthals have language as complex as Homo sapiens, although due to their vocal structure, large skulls and chest cavities, the Neanderthals sounded rather high pitch and with less subtle vowels than Homo sapien speech.
Psychology and intelligence Edit
Neanderthals had slightly larger brainpan than Homo sapiens. With advanced tools in prehistory, the Neanderthals were as intelligent as Homo sapiens. However, choosing not to communicate as much with neighboring Neanderthals, the spread of ideas and resources was limited, Homo sapiens left Neanderthals in the dark in ingenuity of tool making.
Even in the 28th century, Neanderthals do not have much sense in "style" and fashion, to their society, clothing and technology. There is less importance held on materialistic "things". Their technology is more stagnated than Homo sapiens, but is non-the less as advanced. There is little art, trademark or symbolism, nothing more than designating who owns what and who is in which group. Neanderthals persist to refrain from large groupings, instead having nations, much like 21st century Earth, although less prone to conflicting ideology and corporate greed, territorial dispute between each nation in Neanderthal space is not unknown.
Culture and society Edit
Modern Neanderthal civilisation therefore is industrial and built only for efficiency. Their technology looks barebones, their houses basic and modular, it is in some ways more work-efficient than a city from Homo sapiens, built more on on other things like culture and economy.
Neanderthals do have beliefs. They think they were saved by some higher power, in order to retake Earth from the invading menace. Neanderthals themselves are certainly not evil, but a culture based on 30,000 years on this one goal to retake Earth is certainly strong opinionated.